See the Scalp under Hair

Back view of a boy's hair
Photo: Fuzzbones/Shutterstock
Q: Hello. I'm a 16-year-old boy. I've always had very thick hair. Although I decided to color it and my scalp was most likely damaged. The damage wasn't that BAD (it's not like I was losing handfuls of hair) but I noticed my hair being a bit thinner a month after coloring.
I thought it was nothing. Then I decided to shave my hair. After shaving my hair, I noticed I could see my scalp in certain light. I thought, my hair was short... of course I can see my scalp. It's been 3 months since I colored now.
My hair is still short but it's about 1-2cm. I can still see my scalp. It's not visible unless I tilt my head down and the lights are on. When the normal lights are on, I can see just a bit of my scalp under my hair. Under strong light I can see most of my scalp on the top of my head. I mean the scalp isn't bare – there's hair covering it – but I can see it.
I just recently started using conditioners against the hair damage I got from the coloring, in hopes of restoring my hair since my scalp is still dry and I still have dandruff which appeared after coloring.
Now my questions are:
1. Is it normal to see scalp under the hair when your hair is short? (Keep in mind I am 16. This is not a case of balding.)
2. Even 3 months after coloring my hair, if I start using conditioners now. Is it possible that my hair that was lost will grow back?
3. Any tips on what I could do to get my usual hair back?

A: Let's take these questions one at a time:
1: It is very normal to see the scalp when your hair is as short as you describe. At 1-2cm in length (less than one inch at a maximum), it would be unusual if you did NOT see the scalp through the hair.
There are some cases where hair so short would completely obscure the scalp, but that usually involves individuals with very coarse hair types that are very curly or kinky. In fact, from what you describe, you have to set specific circumstances in order to see your scalp clearly. Because of this, I question that there is any problem with your hair density.
And while I hate to be the bearer of bad news, being 16 does not mean you are not dealing with balding. Men can begin losing their hair at different rates, and the process can usually start anytime after the establishment of puberty. I had a friend in high school that was mostly bald by graduation. His hairline was thinning by the age of 15.
2: If your scalp sustained damage sufficient to cause hair loss from a hair color process, I strongly believe you would have experienced burning sensations and scabbing (at least) that would be visible and unmistakable. If your scalp is only mildly sensitive to hair color, you might get some irritation and residual dryness, but this would not linger beyond a limited period after the initial exposure.
Using conditioners will only soften and protect the hair that has emerged from the scalp at present. It can work to soften the skin, but conditioners aren't going to cause hair growth, especially in damaged scalps. (Which, again, I strongly do not think is the case for you.)
3: This is where you need to confirm whether or not there is indeed some damage to the scalp that has caused hair loss. This requires the consultation of a dermatologist. He can also help you determine things like the likelihood that you are experiencing premature balding.
You would also need a doctor to deal with sub-skin situations like scalp damage and hair growth problems. A hairstylist is licensed to deal with the hair that has emerged from the scalp, but until it does, he or she is not allowed to offer diagnosis or suggest treatments.
See also:
Hair loss
Dyeing and hair loss
Receding hair lines and balding