Smooth Cutting is generally a thinning/texturizing technique used with straighter hair types and involves running a blade along the length of a hair segment to remove bulk in a
tapering effect. This is usually done using a razor tool that is simply drawn along the length of the segment from the point at which you want the volume to start to be removed.
The results can also be achieved through a technique called “Slithering” or “Sliding” where the shears are used – held slightly open – and drawn along the segment of hair resting
lightly in the “v” shape created by the slightly open blades. This technique takes a lot of practice and control because too much pressure or a twitch of the fingers can result in the entire segment being chopped off.
The benefits of smooth cutting are that you are able to remove bulk from the hair while keeping a sleek finish. Because the ends of the hair are cut at random, the finish looks more natural.
The most common method used today to texturize the hair is one that falls under the category of end finishing. The specific method referred to is “Point Cutting”. Point cutting is
where the hair segment is held in the fingers so that the ends of the hair are controlled and the shears are pointed inward into the ends of the hair so that each snip removes a small amount of the hair. Depending on the
angle of the cut, more or less hair can be removed and different effects can be achieved – from softness to choppy layering.
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End finishing techniques are most often used on shorter, layered styles, though they are also used on other lengths and blunt cuts. What makes them so good for shorter hair is that
you can dramatically alter the finished look of a cut by using point cutting or other end finishing techniques.
NOTE: I often hear from even trained hairdressers that thinning the hair with cutting shears is difficult for them (especially when doing the chipping method or point cutting) because they always end up nicking
themselves. This usually happens because the person isn’t manipulating their shears properly. When holding the shears in your hand, you should ONLY MOVE YOUR THUMB to work your blades. By practicing until you make certain
that only ONE blade moves during any cutting method, you will have more control and ensure a cleaner cut.