Extensive hair brushing should also be avoided while hair is wet. In general, brushing the hair should be kept to a minimum in order to limit breakage. The myth that the hair should be brushed 100 strokes a day and
the scalp vigorously massaged with the brush is simply untrue. When selecting a brush, look for bristles that are smooth, ball-tipped, coarse and bendable. Brushes used while blow drying should have widely spaced
bristles to prevent increased heat along the brush, which could damage the hair.
Get a Grip on Using Accessories
Hair pins and clips are popular fashion accessories, but the fact is that they all break some hair since they must hold the hair tightly to stay in place. To combat this, look for hair pins with a smooth,
ball-tipped surface and hair clips with spongy rubber padding where they make contact with the hair. Looser-fitting clips also minimize breakage and should be worn in different areas of the scalp so that hair breakage is not localized in one specific area. The problem of accessories damage is particularly apparent in women who wear a ponytail, and it is recommend that rubber bands NEVER be used.
Often, folks who wear ponytails report that their hair is no longer growing, when in fact it is repeatedly broken at the same distance from the scalp due to the trauma caused by the tight rubber band. Rather than
using rubber bands for ponytails, fabric scrunchies, which loosely hold the hair together, are the product of choice.
Know Your Hair
Curlier hair tends to fracture more easily than straight hair. For this reason, the make-up of the hair can determine how aggressively hair can be groomed. African-Americans, for example, typically have a kinky
hair wave pattern with a coarse texture that should be gently groomed with a wide-toothed comb or hair pick. On the other end of the spectrum, it is noted that Asian hair is least likely to be damaged by combing
due to minimal friction, since the hair is typically finer in texture and very straight with a smooth, tight cuticle.
Do Your Scissors Make The Cut?
The hair should always be cut with sharp scissors, as any defect in the scissor blade will crush and damage the hair shaft. Crushing the end of the hair predisposes it to split ends.
If you regularly cut or trim your own hair, invest in a pair of scissors specifically for this purpose. Look for scissors that fit comfortably in your hand. The cutting blades of the scissors should be shorter in
length than your fingers. This allows you to have better control over the hair and the cut being made. Do not ever allow your “haircutting scissors” to be used to cut other things, such as cloth or paper. Keeping
the scissors reserved for their specific tasks makes it so that they need to be sharpened less often.
Styling Care for Your Hair
Even though many salon owners would disagree, there is no hair style or procedure that can reverse hair damage. Hair is basically a textile - it looks the best when new and degrades with age and use. In general,
the less that is done to the hair, the healthier it will be. Hair styling products can help improve the cosmetic appearance of the hair, but should always leave hair flexible. Stiff styling products that promise a
long-lasting hold can actually precipitate hair breakage when trying to restyle the hair with combing.