Backcombing the hair, commonly referred to as teasing is a technique where you can build-up the lower layers of the hair and can create a fuller, more-voluminous looking style.
Backcombing is used in many up-style designs, in order to create a specific silhouette in the hair. The classic beehive hairdo would never have been possible without the use of backcombing.
Todayís use of backcombing tends not to be as extreme as the backcombed hairstyles of yesteryear, but the technique has remained useful and in many cases highly-fashionable. Even
in hairstyles that arenít formal, you can use backcombing techniques to build-up the volume in the top of the head giving a longer silhouette to the face by creating a bump from which the rest of the hair trails.
The act of backcombing the hair involves taking a segment of the hair and using a styling tool to comb the hair in the opposite of the direction in which it grows. This causes the
hair to compress down around its fellows and allow them to stand up more. The backcombing is repeated until as much bulk is formed as is desired and then usually the forward edge of the segment is brought back and smoothed
over the surface to hide what is a mass of hair.
Remember that you donít want to hold the segment you are manipulating too tightly, because you want the hairs to be easily drawn down upon themselves.
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Tools for the Job
While all of the backcombing techniques serve the same purpose, there are slight variations in the tools used to create the amount of lift. The difference in the tools used can
affect the amount of lift generated at once, by the amount of hair being manipulated at one time. Typical tools used are combs and brushes. Any comb or brush can be used and there are even specially designed combs for
the purpose. These contain added teeth on the sides of the classic comb teeth to grip the hair more and press it down.
When a brush is used for the purpose of backcombing the process is called ruffing the hair. Since the natural bristles are so densely packed with a brush, a lot of
hair gets manipulated in a single pass. This tends to create more lift and tighter compression of the hairs being manipulated.
Teasing Different Hair Types
Some hair types respond better to backcombing than others. Frankly, while virtually ANY hair type can be bulked-up via backcombing , some hair is better suited to the technique.
Curly hair will generally for sturdy peaks of hair that can hold up to long-wearing hairstyles. Wavy and slightly wavy types are also good for a lasting effect, while straight hair may often slip free of its backcombing and
revert to a smoother configuration. As frustrating as this may be, it is also a sign of strong, healthy hair. The slip-free effect is even worse with straight and fine hair.
Which brings up another cause for concern: damaging the hair. You never want to be too harsh when backcombing or ruffing the hair. Because you are directing your styling tool in
the direction opposite of that in which the hair grows, you can easily displace the overlapping scales of the cuticle layer. (Imagine the effect of scaling a fish if you are familiar with that concept.)
If the cuticle layer gets too badly damaged, you can see frizz and breakage, as well as find that the hair has tangled and knotted when you try to get rid of the backcombing. A
raised cuticle allows moisture to escape from within the hair and can lead to additional damage even if the signs of the cuticle scales being dislodged are not readily apparent. Because of this, you should never try the
backcombing technique on damaged or chemically stressed hair that is already suffering from high porosity. Such hair already has a raised cuticle and will be easily damaged further by the backcombing techniques.