There are many ways to ruin good hair. No one ever intends to do that but damage happens. It may be caused by wrong care, bad decisions, overprocessing, heavy styling or a mix of it all. The outcome is always
devastating. The good news is – most of it can be prevented.
Damaged hair has the following sings: it is usually without shine and limp, often dry, brittle, can have split ends and break easily. Basically it looks and feels lifeless and like straw with a fuzzy texture and
uneven ends. It also tends to tangle much more than healthy hair. Tangles and knots also increase the risk of breakage.
We can only avoid what we know, so here are some sure ways to ruin your hair. Avoid these hazards, then your hair will remain bouncy, shiny and healthy.
Too much, too long or too often is the mantra for a guaranteed destruction of your hair by chemicals.
Going over the recommended processing time for a product will not make it work better or more intensely. It will only dry out and damage your hair. Damage to hair is accumulative. Harsh treatments that are repeated too
often will affect your hair.
Colors and perms look great when done right. But if you are a fan of chemical modifications to the wave pattern or the color of your hair, be sure to use much caution. The danger level here is very high as damage can
happen on many levels especially when these processes are done at home and without proper preparation of the hair and aftercare.
Bleaching is enemy number one when it comes to chemical processes. It depleats the hair not only of pigments but of pretty much everything else that keeps it elastic, shiny and healthy. Once your hair is lightened all
over you'll have to maintain the color by re-bleaching the darker roots once they grow out. There is no positive outcome for this over time. As an alternative try highlights which do not bleach every single hair, but
only a portion of your mane and the new growth does not show that fast, so that the gap between treatments can be wider.
Why do chemical treatments hurt the hair so much? In simple terms the chemicals in dyes intrude deep into the hair and change its structure by removing color molecules and proteins. Most often the protectice cuticle
layer of the hair remains raised, which makes the hair porous and susceptible to dry out and break. Perms and dyes also alter the acidic balance, the PH of the hair. The damage can often not be reversed or repaired
and cutting the hair might be the only option in the end.
Culprit number two in the dangerzone for hair are the heat styling tools. Curling irons, flat irons, blow dryers or heated curles all carry the danger of overheating the hair and therefor drying it out, even burning it.
Use them sparingly and start with the lowest heat setting, working your way up to find the lowest temperature that works for your hair.
Careful with the Cuts
You may think haircuts are safe. They usually are, but watch out for overly creative hairdressers who put their imagination and ideas above the health of your hair or your real needs. Many cutting techniques,
especially for texturing can easily be overdone.
Slicing in razor-cuts, thinning of hair or extreme layering can also have long term effects that are hard to render undone. Combined with chemical processes the
damage will occur even quicker. Why over-cutting and texturing can damage the hair? If the hair is too thin at the ends, it is more prone to be damaged by friction or by heat since the temperature of styling tools is not distributed as much.
Sun, Wind and Weather
Very common, especially in the summer months is damaged hair due to the workings of mother nature and just too much exposure to it. If you play in the sunlight unprotected, not only your skin will suffer. Ocean or
swimming pool water dry out the hair even more and the wind adds its own touch to the emerging fiasco. Conditioners, hats, scarfes and shady trees are all there for relief and prevention. Make sure to use them!