Cleaning the hair of various dolls requires paying special care to the way the hair is attached, and the type of doll involved as well as the material from which the doll base is
made. As mentioned before, some older, collectible dolls are valuable and you really should consider the potential loss of value if you handle a doll improperly. If you are concerned about losing the value of your doll,
seek a professional restorer. If you just want to clean up an old doll you found in a yard sale so your children can play with it, then we hope we can help.
Before we talk about how to clean specific doll hair types, letís mention the materials that dolls can me made from and the special factors that come into play when trying
to clean their hair. To that end, here are some special tips to be mindful of:
#1 Ė When dealing with a doll made of wood, be careful what cleaning agents you use to clean the hair. Always remove the hair when possible (if the doll has a wig base) but if you
canít be sure that you donít use a cleaning agent that will damage the painted surface of the wood, and never let a wooden doll soak in any liquid, even if only the scalp area.
#2 Ė Similar cautions apply to dolls that are made from porcelain and other ceramic materials. Particularly if the bisque or porcelain is older, and shows crackling in the finish, do
not soak the dollís head in water. If the water manages to penetrate the finish it could cause the interior to degrade and the doll would dissolve from the inside out.
#3 Ė Be cautious of dolls with movable eyes that open and close. Keep any liquids from entering the dolls eyes, as moisture left in the eyes can cause mildew and mold to flourish. In
general, itís a good idea to avoid allowing the dollís head to become submerged or any fluids to enter the head cavity for any reason. If this happens, and you can safely remove the head, do so and allow the head to dry
thoroughly. If you cannot remove the head to allow air circulation, lay the doll face down onto a clean, absorbent cloth for several hours so that the moisture can be eliminated.
Finally, we are ready to look at cleaning the various hair types. Here are some suggestions based on hair material and attachment methods:
Caracul and Wool Hair:
Caracul and Wool are usually not attached with a wig base, but rather are glued directly to the head of the doll. Unlike other fibers used for doll hair, you do NOT want to use a
liquid cleaner to clean caracul doll hair. Even water is bad, as it can at the least cause matting of the wool fiber, and at worst, loosen the adhesion of the glue.
Instead, use talcum or cornstarch in a light sprinkle into the hair and then use a fine, soft brush (like a clean toothbrush) to gently remove the powder from the hair.
Human Hair and Mohair:
These two fibers are generally treated in the same manner when it comes to cleaning. Even the methods of attachment to the head are the same in most cases. The hair is usually sewn to
a wig base and then the ďdoll wigĒ is glued to the dollís head. You want to carefully remove the wig base from the scalp.
Then use the end of a tail comb, a hairpin, or even an embroidery needle to carefully remove any snarls and tangles that may be present in the hair. If this is actually pulling hair
out of the wig base, switch to a soft-bristled brush. Work from the ends of the hair to the wig base in order to remove the tangles and smooth the hair out. While you do this, be sure to remove any glue residue from the
inside of the wig base using your fingernails or a tweezers.
When it comes to cleansing the hair, soak the wig in a mild shampoo and cold water mixture. A few drops of shampoo in a pint of water is generally sufficient. Let it soak for 10-15
minutes then rinse the shampoo out of the hair by running cool water through the wig base and letting it run down the hair. It is important that at NO TIME do you ever ďmassageĒ the wig or attempt to lather the hair.
Doing so will only cause knotting and matting of the hair.
Follow the shampoo bath with another cool water soak in cool water with a few drops of vinegar in it. This will make the hair shiny. After letting the hair soak for 5 minutes in the
vinegar bath, remove the wig carefully and lay it on a clean, thirsty towel and spread the hair carefully out into a circular fan-shape, and press with another towel to remove as much moisture as you can manage. Once
youíve removed as much moisture as you can, move the wig to a third towel and allow it to dry in a warm place.
Once dry, you can re-glue the wig to the dollís head. If the doll wig has stretched, feel free to carefully stitch the wig base to tighten the fit. If the wig has shrunk, look for
threads in the base that can be cut to loosen the fit a little. Be careful not to cut into the hair, as this could result in gaps in the look when the hair is back onto the doll.