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Hairstyle & Hairstyling Terms & Definitions

Previous Hairstyling Definitions
 
       Double Process Color:This term refers to haircolor procedures requiring two steps to achieve the desired color. Typically a lightener is applied to dark hair, to decolorize the hair to the level desired, shampooed and rinsed away, and then a tint or toner color is applied in the second step of the procedure.
 
       Elasticity: Elasticity refers to the hairs ability to recover its natural shape. The average person's hair can be stretched to 150% of its normal length and return to its natural shape without breakage. The level of the hair's elasticity affects how well the hair will hold a curl.
 
       Emollients: Emollients are the ingredients used in shampoos, conditioners, skin lotions, oils and other cosmetic products that are designed to smooth and soften. Cocoa butter and shae butter are common emollients found in skin lotions.
 
       Follicle: The follicle is a cylindrical cavity in the skin where you find the hair root and from which the hair shaft grows. There are millions of hair follicles found on the human body.
 
       Humectant: A humectant is a substance that imparts moisture, and is found in products designed to restore moisture to dry skin and hair. Shampoos, conditioners, facial masques, body soaps, and lotions often contain humectants. Honey is a natural humectant.
 
       Melanin: Melanin is a naturally-occurring substance. It gives hair (or skin) its coloration, and provides natural protection from harmful solar rays. Pheomelanin and Eumelanin are the two types of melanin found in hair. Pheomelanin is responsible for blonde color and eumelanin gives red and brown colors. The two melanin types combine to create all natural shades and colors of hair.
 
       Natural: The term 'natural' refers to a substance derived from plants, minerals from the earth, or animals (such as those produced by the human body), as opposed to substances that are created synthetically by man.
 
       Non-Comedogenic: This term refers to substances and products that do not clog the skin's pores and will not promote the formation of acne blemishes.
 
       Sebum: Sebum is an oil produced by glands in the skin and hair follicles, called sebaceous glands, that serves to lubricate and protect the skin and hair from drying and damage.
 
       SPF: 'SPF' is an acronym that stands for 'Sun Protection Factor'. It refers to the level of protection offered by different formulations of sunscreen. The average person should always wear sunscreen lotion with an SPF of at least 15 or higher.
 
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