Hairstyles, Hair Care & Fashion

Perms (2)

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   After the waving lotion has had time to process and has been rinsed away and the rods have been blotted to remove excess water, and a neutralizer is applied. The neutralizer is actually what reforms the disulfide bonds of the hair and sets the new curl pattern. It is also the most potentially damaging stage of the perming process and should always be closely monitored.
   Once allowed to take effect, the neutralizer is rinsed away, the rods are removed, and the hair is re-rinsed for good measure, it can be styled as desired.
Why To Perm:
   Maybe your hair is board straight (or maybe you have really curly hair) and you want more body and movement (or more manageability). A perm can give you this. A perm can add volume and thickness to hair. In some cases, it can give the illusion of more hair. Or maybe, you just want versatility in styling. All of these are valid reasons to perm the hair. And perming the hair can be a satisfying experience as long as you know how to properly care for permed hair.
Caring for a Perm & Perming Myths:
   Myth: Never wash freshly permed hair.
   You'll hear varying advice on how long to wait to shampoo after a perm. Some stylists suggest you wait 24 hours before shampooing, while others swear it's at least 3 days. The truth is, it all depends on your hair. To counter the claim made by the movie "Legally Blonde", you won't 'risk deactivating the ammonium thioglycolate by getting your hair wet within 48 hours'. The waving lotion has done its job and been thoroughly neutralized if the process was performed correctly.
Curly hair after a perm    However, perming the hair is a strong process, and you have to pay attention to what your hair tells you. It's never a bad idea to give your hair a break after a strong process. Remember that the alkaline of the waving lotion has raised the cuticle of the hair and made it more porous, therefore it will feel drier and rougher, so use a good conditioner, and a milder shampoo. Acid balancing shampoos and conditioners are available from many makers, and you can always rely on your salon professional to suggest something suitable to your hair type.
Perms & Haircolor:
   Also, do bear in mind (especially if your hair is color-treated) that perming the hair can result in lightening of the color. The most common ingredient in perm neutralizers is hydrogen peroxide, which is used as a developer for permanent haircolor formulas. With the cuticle already being raised in the process of waving, the peroxide readily penetrates the hair and will break up the color, though the peroxide solution is much weaker in the perm formula than in haircoloring.
   This is also the reason that you want to have your hair permed before coloring it. Otherwise, you risk fading the color. As for how long to wait between perming and coloring, talk to your professional, and ask them when they think your hair is in the right condition for the subsequent color process.
   Hopefully, this gives you enough information to understand how a perm works and lets you take better care of your hair. After all, you want to look your best, and beautiful hair is a major asset.
Stacy - Hair Stylist     ©
Related posts:
Questions and answers about perms
Are permanent curls right for you?
Perms and hair coloring